Sri Lanka Politics and Government

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Welcome to the Maithri Palas. Please know that this website is not related to Maithripala Sirisena – President of Sri Lanka.

The Republic of Sri Lanka and Maithri Palas is an island covering about 65,630 kilometers in the Indian Ocean. Located in an area near India, Sri Lanka grew to have 21 million population coming from the different religious background and ethnic group.

The place has been linked to the bloody civil war between the Sinhalese ruler and Tamil separatists, which ended in 2009. Rocked by political strife and military, the economy of the island has been slow and lacking foreign investment. The largest city in the country is Colombo, which consists of about 680,000 people.

Most of the population is Buddhist, but with significant minority populations of Hindus, Christians, and Muslims.

Constitutional History

The political system of Sri Lanka has been shaped by its history as a British colonial possession, dating from 1801. The British tried to develop a representative government on the island through an 1833 constitution that created a legislative council.

This advice was large without power, however, and resigned in 1864 when the British government censorship is ignored. The British tried several other constitutions to appease the population in 1910, 1920 and 1924, but these compositions do not provide the local government for the native population.

The 1931 Constitution finally gave more authority to elected representatives constitutional innermost concerns. Over the next 40 years, the British tried to give more power and independence to the island in hopes of transferring it to dominion status within the British Empire. It was on February 4, 1948, when Sri Lanka finally freed itself from Britain, although it is still a commonwealth of that government.

SRILANKA-local-people-maithri palasThe state officially proclaimed an independent republic on may 16 1972. Under British rule, northern Tamils had gained influence through their disproportionate access to education.

Thus, in the early years of the post-independence Sri Lanka, Tamils managed to affect the creation of a new constitution on August 31, 1978. This Constitution, still in force today, it was created to give greater local autonomy and equalize the Tamil and Sinhalese ethnic groups.

This came following a failed attempt to write a new constitution that died in 2000. This Constitution was designed to create a federal system that would give Tamils demands for an independent state.

People who seek peace hoped that this would stop the conflict between Tamil and Sinhalese. However, the constitution died soon before the problem was solved.

On May 19, 2009, President Mahinda Rajapaksa said that the Sri Lankan government had defeated the LTTE. Following his rise in popularity, the Chairman introduced an 18 the amendment to expand the already extensive executive powers to ignore 17th amendment.

This proposal was approved by Parliament in September 2010 on a broad popular opposition, which gives the President the ability to appoint and remove term limits.

The 1978 Constitution

The Constitution of Sri Lanka revolves around a vested President of broad executive powers. With 172 items, the country’s religion is mostly Buddhism, but the state religion welcomes other.

It is the task of the state to create a democratic socialist state, ensure the distribution of wealth, monitor economic development and improve the educational and cultural level. You should also engage with government decentralization and the promotion of national identity through the elimination of discrimination.

In return, it is the duty of citizens to promote national unity to waive their personal rights to ensure racial and religious harmony and protect public health and morals.

Executive

Sri_Lanka_Tourism_maithri_palasHe is elected by the direct vote of the people of the 6-year term, and under the 18th amendment, the number of words is unlimited. His appointment powers are very broad under the most recent, also amendment. It can not only appoint the prime minister, the cabinet, and judges of the Supreme Court but may also designate other key officials.

If no means, the officer can simply assume their powers until a suitable candidate is found. For example, President Rajapaksa has held the positions of finance ministers and defense in the past, in addition to its constitutional powers. His ability to appoint government positions won him the support he needed in parliament to pass the amendment in the first place.

Legislative Power

The Legislative Assembly is unicameral Sri Lanka, with a Parliament of 226 members elected to 6-year terms by direct vote. Members of Parliament that a President, Vice President and Chairman of the Committees shall be elected.

The President can remove any parliament as he wishes, but considerably weakens its authority vis-a-vis the executive. The main aim of Parliament is to pass bills and resolutions. This legislation becomes law with a majority vote and supports the President.

If the cabinet requires, however, the bill may demand a referendum that the President should support. No court can question a law passed this way.

Power of Attorney

  • The judiciary of Sri Lanka consists of a Supreme Court, a Court of Appeal, a Supreme Court and other courts established by law.
  • Its job is to protect the people and give them the justice they deserve based on the country’s law.
  • They work in the government only for 65 years, and although his appointment was subject to the approval of the 17th amendment, this requirement has been removed by the 18th amendment.
  • The Supreme Court has the exclusive power of the revision of the Constitution, and its jurisdiction over matters relating to fundamental rights, final appeals, and election issues also extends.
  • It also has the power to review the actions of members of Parliament and can advise Parliament in the legislative process.

sri lanka top view maithri palasThe government of Sri Lanka: Since Sri Lanka got independence in 1948, the independent government had discriminated against the Tamil minority, since, in his view, excessive privileges they enjoyed during the time when the island was a British colony.

Thus, the government of Sri Lanka has been fueling hatred and has contributed to the outbreak in 1983 of the civil war. Initially, the solution which bet to achieve the conflict was purely military, however, after 20 years of hostilities have begun peace negotiations that are currently being fruitful.

Within government, we are, however, two distinct trends. The first would be a position contrary to the negotiations with the LTTE, which lead the President Chandrika Kumaratunga Government; while the second post would be represented by Prime Minister Ramil Wickremesinghe, and would favor peace negotiations.

Ramil Wickremesinghe: Leader of the United National Party and the National United Front. Ramil Wickremesinghe was elected Prime Minister of Sri Lanka on December 9, 2001, after winning elections.

His choice was key to a ceasefire with the LTTE, as only two months after being sworn in Prime Minister could implement the current peace process.

Chandrika Kumaratunga: President of Sri Lanka from November 1994 to 2005, would resume peace talks with Tamil Tiger rebels, who nevertheless fail.

It will not be until February 2002 that will reach a cessation of hostilities in the conflict, and this is where has highlighted the confrontation between the Government and the President has avoided, among other things, the formation of a consensus on strategy negotiator. Also, Kumaratunga has threatened several times to dissolve Parliament, which put the peace negotiations in jeopardy.

Velupillai Prabhakaran: Leader of the Tamil rebel movement Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam’s (LTTE). Since his youth, he was involved in the Tamil protest movement, and in 1975 he was accused of being responsible for the murder of the mayor of Jaffna.

A year later, in 1976, he founded the LTTE, and under his leadership, this group became a real well motivated and disciplined army has maintained an armed conflict against the government of Sri Lanka for 20 years.